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Sativa and Indica are two distinct varieties that come from one cannabis family. They have different stature, characteristics, features, as well as medicinal benefits. Understanding their variation and how Sativa high and Indica high strains differ will significantly help in choosing the right strain.
Some varieties of cannabis are most appropriate for certain medical ailments and conditions but do not work as good with others. Sativa and Indica are two main subspecies of cannabis which have different effects and benefits. Depending on the intended purpose, the distinction between the two is crucial information you should obtain.
The Difference Between Sativa High and Indica High
On a chemical level, Sativa and Indica are fully different strains in their chemical and compound composition. Sativa strains usually show high THC content level and low CBD content. On another hand, Indica strains have lower THC content and higher CBD level.
However, with the crossbreeding of the two, both Indica high and Sativa high strains having a varying ratio of CBD and THC. While THC and CBD content plays an essential role in determining the effects of each strain, there are other substances which contribute. This includes the numerous terpenes found in the cannabis plant, as well as the balance and concentration of highly influenced strain.
Cannabinoids are constituents of cannabis which interact with the receptors and provide effects to our body. The commonly known types of cannabinoids include THC or tetrahydrocannabinol and CBD or cannabidiol. THC is popularly known to have psychoactive and mind-altering effects while CBD is a non-intoxicating compound which is responsible for the medicinal properties.
Terpenes or terpenoids are organic chemicals which are produced by different plants and generally responsible for the aromatic properties. They are usually a primary factor in essential oils produced by the plant. In cannabis, terpenes are responsible for the smells and flavors of your favorite cannabis strains.
Here are some examples of terpenes and their benefits.
- They are commonly found in strains such as Fire Alien Kush, Agent Orange, Grape Stomper, and Chemdawg. They have a musky and herbal smell and flavor. Its known benefits and effects include anti-inflammation, muscle relaxant, and pain relief.
- A-pinene. It helps boosts energy, improves focus, and enhances memory. It is commonly found in strains such as Vanilla Kush, Cookie Cross, and other more.
- It is known for its spicy, wood, and pepper-like scent and taste. It helps relieve pain and effectively treats anxiety, inflammation, and depression.
- It improves mood, and helps combat anxiety, depression and relieves nausea. It has citrus, lemon, and orange flavor and smell.
- It is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, suppresses appetite, relieves pain, and prevents tumor. It has woody earthy, herbal, and spicy scent and flavor.
- This one is anti-anxiety and the best for relieving pain. It also has floral, fruity and sugary flavor and smell.
Effects and Benefits of Sativa and Indica Strains
As mentioned, Sativa and Indica strains have varying effects and medicinal benefits reserved for its users. One of the reasons for these varying effects are the levels of cannabinoids content primarily the CBD and THC levels. Furthermore, other naturally-occurring substance such as myrcene, limonene, linalool, humulene, a-pinene, and other types of terpenes also contributes.
- Sativa Effects
Sativa is popularly known to have caused more cerebral effects which are perfect for day time use. It helps the user to feel more active, alert, and uplifting to tackle any activity or endeavor.
Here are some examples of the characteristics and common traits of Sativa high strains.
- Energizing and uplifting
- Stimulates creativity and improves focus
- Enhances well-being
- Relieves headaches and migraines
- Decreases nausea
- Stimulates appetite
- Alleviates anxiety, stress, and depression
- Best for day time use
- Indica Effects
On another hand, according to the 2011 study, Indica strains have more sedative effects because of its terpene myrcene. Here are some of the common traits of Indica high strains.
- Relaxing and soothing effect
- Relieves pain and aches
- Helps and promote sleep
- Reduces inflammation
- Helps relieve spasms and seizures
- Stimulates appetite
- Best for nighttime use
Difference In The Growth
Aside from their medicinal benefits and enjoyment, understanding their growing traits will help us learn more about their variation. Furthermore, this will also help aspiring and novice growers for practical practices.
- Sativa High Strains Growing Traits
Sativa high strains tend to grow taller, anywhere around one to three meters when grown indoors. It may sometimes grow up to five meters when cultivated outdoors.
Sativa has long and slender leaves, but they may also grow bushy when left untrimmed. Due to its flowering period, Sativa strains are best suited for outdoor cultivations.
- Indica High Strains Growing Traits
Compared to Sativa high strains, Indica high strains tend to grow shorter and bushier in stature. Their leaves are noticeably wide and deep green in color due to the high level of chlorophyll.
Indica strains commonly produce heavier and more fragrant buds than Sativas. They also have a shorter flowering period and more preferably cultivated indoors than Sativa strains.
The Bottom Line
With such dramatic differences between Sativa high and Indica high strains, they are known to deliver various medicinal benefits. In understanding the difference between the two, you are now a step closer to finding the right strain which works for you.
Patients must strive hard to find the best deal of strains for their particular condition and intended purpose. It is because efficacy is so subjective and it may vary from one person to another.
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