Beginners Guide to Growing Autoflowering Marijuana Seeds Indoor Using Soil
Autoflowering marijuana seeds are known to grow hardy plants and they are easy to grow. You can find beginners growing autoflowering marijuana seeds indoor soil despite their photo-independent nature and low-maintenance. Autoflowering seeds can benefit from being cultivated into an optimized soil, taking up needed nutrients to reach their highest quality and maximum yield. What are the important things you need to be aware of when growing autoflowering cannabis seeds using a soil medium? Let’s get to know more about using soil in excellently growing your cannabis seeds!
What Are the Characteristics of Autoflowering Marijuana Seeds?
Autoflowering cannabis seeds are known to be an easy option when it comes to cultivation. They have a fast growth, hardy nature, and the innate ability to flower without any change in the photoperiod. They are the prime choice for both beginners and advanced growers. Autoflowering marijuana strains only require little maintenance. If you’re chasing for bud quality and optimal yield, adequate soil should be taken into consideration.
In fact, autoflowering cannabis strains have Cannabis ruderalis genetics, a subspecies which evolved from extreme weather and varying light cycles in the Northern Hemisphere. With such adaptations, they are not selective about soil, along with their hardy nature. Encourage your cannabis plants to reach their true potential by adding an optimal soil mix.
Beginners Growing Autoflowering Marijuana Seeds Indoor Soil
Autoflowering marijuana strains favor airy soil and light with lesser nutrients as compared to the preference of photoperiod strains. It is best to make your own weed soil mix than purchasing a ready-made soil mix from stores because they usually have too high nitrogen content or other nutrients. Keep in mind that heavy potting autoflowering varieties with soil may prevent the roots from accessing enough amount of air. Also, the roots may experience difficulty growing and penetrating through a heavy medium.
This basic soil mix recipe contains an adequate amount of nutrients and materials to help boost the proper aeration of the soil medium. It should include 3 parts compost, 3 parts peat moss, pre-wet 1 part vermiculite, and pre-wet 2 parts perlite. Autoflowering cannabis strains are usually compact and short which is a genetic trait that stems from the cannabis ruderalis subspecies. Because of this unique characteristic and rapid growth rate, autoflowering strains do not need any additional nutrients.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds will only stay in the vegetative stage for a short period of time. That is why they won’t need a huge amount of vegetative nutrients such as nitrogen. Feed your marijuana seeds conservatively, otherwise, it will result in a nutrient burn. In the seedling stage, your autoflowering marijuana plants don’t need any nutrients. You can start nutrient supplementation about two weeks into the growing period, but do it lightly to avoid damaging your crop. Autos don’t require a huge amount of nutrients during the flowering stage. You can apply boosters and bloom nutrients sparingly or as necessary.
What Is the Role of Soil PH?
The pH scale is referred to as the measurement of how alkaline or acidic a substance is. The pH scale features a total of 14 readings, with numbers lower than 7 as acidic, numbers over 7 as alkaline, and with 7 considered as the neutral pH. Soil pH can vary with various plants thriving at different levels. Autoflowering marijuana strains are similar to the photoperiod varieties because they favor a slightly acidic soil medium.
Marijuana growers should always try to keep their soil medium within an optimal pH range between 6.2 to 6.5. If you’re purchasing soil, make sure that the product has a suitable acidity. There are many products available to help regulate the soil pH level.
What Is the Role of Pests and Microorganisms?
One important aspect you need to learn when it comes to talking about beginners growing autoflowering marijuana seeds indoor soil is the crucial role of soil pests and microorganisms. The soil is not just a medium where the cannabis roots sit in while your autoflowering plant grows. In fact, the soil is a thriving and diverse web of life which includes symbiotic pests and organisms alike. Whether you’re cultivating your marijuana plants indoors within a grow tent or grow room, or outdoors within garden beds or greenhouses, you can supplement your soil with beneficial microorganisms. All expert growers understand that there are a lot of pests out there hungry for fresh marijuana leaves, stems, flowers, and roots, most especially those that are grown outdoors.
As all growers will know, especially those who raise their crop in the great outdoors, there are many pests out there with an appetite for fresh cannabis leaves, roots, stems, and flowers. Many of them are residing in the soil. For instance, parasitic nematodes tend to eat cannabis roots causing major problems. Cannabis growers supplement their soil medium with predatory nematodes. These feed on invaders and decrease their numbers. Mycorrhizal fungi is another beneficial microorganism for your autoflowering marijuana plants. They form a symbiotic relationship with the marijuana plant roots, producing exudates and excretions like sugars. The beneficial fungi tend to attach to the roots, feeding off these sugars. Also, they act as an extension of the cannabis root system as they reach out a greater surface area carrying nutrients from afar. Mycorrhizal fungi help trap and kill pests, like parasitic nematodes.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds can thrive in any type of soil because of their hardy structure and fast growth rate. Beginners should be aware that choosing a soil medium must be carefully done to avoid nutrient burn or plant damage. The soil pH plays a crucial role in the nutrient re-uptake and overall growth and development of autoflowering cannabis seeds. Each phase has a recommended nutrient requirement that should be checked accordingly. Lastly, microorganisms can help autoflowering marijuana plants grow healthily by forming a symbiotic relationship. Now, you are more confident to start your own indoor cannabis garden using soil. Good luck to your autoflowering cannabis cultivation! Happy growing!