For many marijuana growers, providing the proper minerals and nutrients to the cannabis plants is absolutely essential. While cannabis plants are naturally exposed to the different nutrients found in garden soils and other growing mediums, growers often manually give their cannabis plants other types of products in order to make sure they are getting enough of these. When you cultivate your own marijuana seeds, it is often a good idea to make sure your cannabis plants are getting the right amounts of nutrients at the right time. This is because, with each stage of the cannabis plant’s life, it will require different needs. Knowing and understanding this is crucial in making sure the cannabis seeds do not absorb any unwanted minerals that may be detrimental to their health.
Nutrients are a great way of increasing the chances of healthy and potent marijuana buds. With the right amount of knowledge about these nutrients, you can surely grow your own cannabis seeds with ease and comfort. So, what is there exactly to learn about cannabis nutrients? Well, you should know that there are hundreds of different compounds out there. Giving your plants too little or too much of these compounds will cause more damage to them. So, growers must always familiarize themselves with the types of nutrients that cannabis plants demand.
OVERVIEW: THE BASICS
The nutrients that are given to cannabis plants can be categorized into two (2) main types: the macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are what we call “essential nutrients” that can greatly affect the way cannabis plants grow. They provide the necessary energy boosts that plants need in order to develop their growth and produce maximum yields. On the other hand, micronutrients are also commonly known as “secondary nutrients” because while they do help a cannabis plant’s growth, they aren’t necessarily essential. Also, they do little to cause any damage if not provided.
The three (3) most essential nutrients that cannabis plants need are Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. A mixture of these three makes up a formula known as an “NPK Ratio”. Different ratios consisting of the three compounds are usually given at different phases of a cannabis plant’s life. Generally, a cannabis plant requires more Nitrogen than the other two nutrients during its vegetative stage. This is because nitrogen helps stimulate the growth and development of a cannabis plant’s structure. (2-1-6 is a great ratio for this stage)
Because of this a Nitrogen-focused or a “standard” formula is usually given to plants during this stage. High Nitrogen and Potassium levels are ideal while a medium amount of Phosphorus is sufficient during the vegetative stage. On the other hand, a more Phosphorus and Potassium-inclined solution works best during the flowering stage. This is because the cannabis plant tends to shift its focus on growing flowers and buds rather than developing the structure. With phosphorus and potassium, the plant gains the ability to maximize its yield rate.
While these nutrients can really help the overall growth and development of a cannabis plant, they aren’t what you would call “essential” as they do little damage to a plant if not given. These micronutrients mainly consist of Sulfur, Magnesium, and Calcium. Other kinds include Sodium, Copper, Cobalt, Iron, Chlorine, and Zinc. They each have different purposes and must be given to cannabis plants in regulated amounts.
HOW ARE CANNABIS PLANTS GIVEN NUTRIENTS?
Cannabis plants can be given the proper nutrients in a number of ways. One of the most common is by mixing the solutions into the water and watering the plants. In this way, the nutrients are absorbed through the roots when the plants absorb it through the marijuana soil. Another way is by mixing the nutrient-containing fertilizer into the growing medium. Many farmers who use coco chips and hydroponics as growing mediums have easier times giving the cannabis plant nutrients because these growing mediums absorb them better than soil.
If you are a grower who wishes to maintain a healthy marijuana garden, you should consider using nutrients and minerals. This really boosts a plant’s performance and productivity with regards to their development. You should always first understand how these nutrients work in order to make the most out of them.