Outdoor Marijuana Cultivation: Quick and Safe Tips
Growing outdoor marijuana seeds Canada is an excellent way of getting a bountiful harvest. It’s inexpensive and does not require any special equipment. Outdoor cannabis plants can grow big and yield big.
Outdoor cannabis cultivation is a fun experience for some reasons. According to Fremont College, growing cannabis outdoors can be more economical than growing these plants indoors because you don’t need to buy all those pieces of equipment needed in indoor cultivation.
Consider the Weather
Growing cannabis outdoors despite the bad climate is not a good idea. Therefore, you should assess the climate in your area and ensure it’s ideal for growing marijuana outdoors. Keep in mind that marijuana is extremely adaptable to different conditions but susceptible to a severe climate.
Sustained temperatures exceeding 86 degrees Fahrenheit will cause cannabis plants to halt growing. However, continued temperatures under 55 degrees Fahrenheit may trigger stunted growth and damage to the plants. The worst? Lower temperatures can even lead cannabis plants to death.
High winds and heavy rains can trigger damage to the plants, decrease yield, and excess moisture leads to powdery mildew and mold, particularly throughout the flowering phase. Aside from the weather patterns, you must understand how the span of the day can change across the different seasons in your location.
Knowing the volume of sunlight available for the whole year is important to cause the plants to shift from the vegetative to the flowering phase, the period they begin producing buds.
It is best to use local resources. If you are new to cultivating cannabis, you must seek help from an experienced gardener and ask for tips regarding growing cannabis. If you have experience in growing vegetables, you will surely find growing marijuana outdoors a simple endeavor.
Choose a Good Space for the Garden
The next thing you should do is picking a good space for your cannabis garden. This is a crucial matter to consider, especially when you are planning to plant the seeds directly into the soil or in big immobile containers.
Your marijuana plants must receive as much sunlight as possible, preferably during midday if the light is in good quality. While the season is changing and fall is coming closer, your cannabis plants will be getting less exposure to sunlight during the day that will trigger the flowering phase.
A consistent breezy feeling is great for cannabis plants, too. The breeze can help especially during the summer months. However, if you are from a certain region with more high winds, consider planting your cannabis plants close to the windbreak. It can be something like a fence, wall, or a big shrubbery.
Finally, you want to consider security and privacy. Many people like to conceal their garden from the judgmental neighbors and potential thieves. Big shrubs and tall fences will be your best options, except when you live within a secluded region.
Some cannabis growers plant marijuana in the containers on rooftops or balconies shielded from the view. Others are building heavy-gauge cable cages to keep burglars and animals away.
Whatever you choose, consider how big you want your cannabis plants to become. Outdoor marijuana plants may grow up to 15 feet tall or higher, but this will still depend on how you allow them to grow and go.
Choose the Best Genetics
Successful outdoor cannabis cultivation also depends on selecting the right cannabis strain to grow based on your location and its climate. If you live within the area that has a long history of marijuana growing, it could mean that most strains of cannabis will successfully thrive there, and some can be genetically bred for that climate.
Clones vs. Seeds
Cannabis plants that grew from seeds can be heartier like the young plants, unlike the ones from cuttings. You can plant the seeds directly to the garden during the early spring and even in wet and cool climates.
The major drawback to cultivating cannabis from seeds is that there’s no guarantee about the final result. If you don’t use feminized seeds, you may end up with having both female and male plants in your garden. If you get regular cannabis seeds, be sure you watch out for the male plants and get rid of them as soon as possible.
Even if you have all female cannabis plants, each one of them will be a specific phenotype of just one strain. To gain the greatest version of a particular cannabis strain, you need to choose the ideal phenotype. The only problem is that it can be time-consuming.
Most novice growers today begin with feminized seeds. Depending on the rules implemented in your area about cultivating cannabis outdoors, you can buy seedlings or clones from the local dispensary.
Aside from feminized seeds, you can also try growing autoflowering strains outdoors. There are fast-flowering cannabis strains in the market today that can withstand and thrive under harsh climate conditions.
Use Healthy Soil
The ideal soil for growing cannabis outdoors consists of 3 basic components in different ratios. These are sand, clay, and silt. In growing outdoor marijuana seeds Canada, you can either plant the seeds directly to the ground or purchase soil and plant your seeds in pots.
Marijuana plants grow in the soil enriched in organic matter. Likewise, they require good drainage. If you choose to plant them straight to the ground, then you must understand the composition of your soil and rectify it if necessary.
Silty soil is the most suitable growing medium for cannabis. It is easy to use, warms faster, retains moisture, comes with good drainage and is rich in nutrients. The best form of it is the dark powdery loam soil. It is fertile and doesn’t require changes to its composition.
Have Some Fertilizers
Marijuana plants need a big amount of nutrients throughout their life cycle. They need mainly these 3 nutrients: nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. The way you feed your cannabis plants depend on the soil’s composition and the growing methods you use.
You can use commercial fertilizers if you know well how to use them and what your cannabis plants require. If you are new to cannabis cultivation, don’t try using any of these first, especially the long-release granular fertilizer.
Choose Good Containers
If the soil in your area is not good for cultivating cannabis outdoors, then you should consider planting them in the pots instead. Also, if you can’t do the heavy labor required to change oil and dig holes, your only option will be to plant them cannabis in containers. You can put these containers on your patio, deck, rooftop, and other spots.
Water Your Plants
Cannabis plants cultivated outdoors will occasionally benefit from the groundwater and rain if they need water. However, you will need to water them more on hot summer days.
The amount of water they need will depend on their height. Giant marijuana plants can consume as much as 10 gallons of water daily in a warm climate. You can use rocks or clay soil and put them under the planting holes to slow down drainage.
Adding water-absorbing polymer crystals to the soil is a good way of enhancing water retention. Water your cannabis plants deeply after having your cup of coffee in the morning. This way, your plants will have adequate supply during the day.
If the climate in your location is often rainy, you should improve the drainage all over your garden. This is important because the roots of marijuana plants are highly prone to fungal diseases. The best preventive measures are:
- Planting in elevated beds and mounds
- Digging ditches which direct the way apart from your garden
- Mixing the soil with clay pebbles, perlite, or gravel
Tap water is not good for cannabis plants sometimes. To be sure, test the water first. The same thing for well water. Tap water may have more dissolved minerals that can build up on the soil and increase or decrease the pH level. It can also have higher levels of chlorine that can kill the good microorganisms in the soil. Filtering the water is advisable.
Likewise, you have to know how much water your cannabis plants need. Overwatering is a common issue that can do harm to your plants. To avoid it, water your plants deeply and wait for the meantime. Wait until the top of the soil dries completely before giving water to your plants again.
Protecting Your Plants
Since you can’t control the climate, you must protect your cannabis plants from the natural calamities and other events which can harm or kill them. Watch out for sudden changes in the temperature. The temperature should never drop below 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure your plants stay within the ideal temperature.
Also, you have to protect your plants against high winds that can break the branches and cause extreme stress to your plants. You can use something like a plastic sheet to keep your plants from environmental factors like high winds.
Cannabis plants need water but leaving them exposed to nonstop rainfalls may lead them to have mold or mildew. Protect them by making an improvised greenhouse or simply use a plastic sheet and stakes to shelter your plants if you know it will rain.
Lastly, protect your cannabis plants from pests. You may keep your plants protected by building a sturdy fence that will prevent animals from pestering your crop.
Growing outdoor marijuana seeds Canada will be a fun activity if you know how to do it right. Follow those tips you have learned from this page and you’re good to go.