Cannabinoids come from the marijuana plant that contains THC or tetrahydrocannabinol. Cannabinoids are substances made up of cannabis and marijuana plants which according to the strand from which the drug came, provides the elevation or popular high both that can be felt like a “body high” or as a “head high. It induces euphoria and relaxation stimuli as well as a transient loss of memory and focus. Hemp plant cannabinoids are primarily Cannabidiol (CBD). It has been tested and proven that cannabidiol or CBD is effective to treat illness and known for its therapeutic effects on the body.

History of Cannabinoids

Among the earliest plants grown by man is Cannabis Sativa (cannabis). Since the time of Ancient China, these medicines have been around.  In the United States, the use of cannabis for medical conditions was also practiced for several years, until 1937, when a federal law prohibiting the procedure was passed.

They have been used by the Chinese for a range of medical purposes. The first evidence of cannabis use was found in China, where archaeological and historical findings suggest that the plant has been grown for fibers since 4,000 B.C.1. 

In the country o India, it is used as a medicine and as a recreational drug and has been widely disseminated. Such widespread usage may be due to the fact that cannabis has maintained a direct connection with faith, which has made the plant sacred virtues. The psychoactive effects of the plant were well known in India, probably because of the manner in which it was prepared for use. 

On the other hand, Europe’s historical and archeological evidence indicates the existence of cannabis before the Christian Period. Herodotus identified a Scythian funeral ceremony in the year 450 B.C., saying that the vapors obtained from burning cannabis seeds were inhaled for ritualistic and euphoric purposes. It seems that the plant was brought by invaders from Scythia, who emerged in Central Asia and entered the Mediterranean.

In this article, you’ll be able to find out where the cannabinoids came from, its legal purposes, types, and side effects. Through this article, you’ll learn more about cannabinoids from deeper perspectives. 

What are Cannabinoids?

Over 480 different compounds found in the plant, called cannabinoids only 66 are named cannabinoids. Compounds present in the Cannabis sativa plant are intrinsically occurring cannabinoids. The advantages of medical marijuana can be linked to the brain and body phenomenon of cannabinoids that stimulate the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Once CB1 and CB2 receptors are activated, you can enhance how the various processes and systems of your body are activated.

A pillar of pain relief and recovery with cannabis is believed to be cannabinoids. They are a class of hemp and cannabis-derived chemical compounds that specifically interact with the cannabinoid receptors located in the endocannabinoid system (‘ECS’). In the resin glands or trichomes, on the flowers and leaves of cannabis plants, cannabinoids and terpenes grow. Cannabinoids are produced by other plants but are present in cannabis at the highest concentration. Terpenes and cannabinoids collaborate to establish the unique flavor of a strain and result in a high, a phenomenon known as the entourage effect. Synergistically, the various cannabinoids and terpenes interact to intensify the advantages of the individual components of the plant.

Are Cannabinoids Legal?

For thousands of years, cannabinoids have been used as a method of medication. The plant has been recorded by many different cultures and religions as a form of medical care. In certain jurisdictions, it is actually lawful to use cannabis for medicinal and recreational purposes. Cannabinoids produced and extracted from cannabis plants are legal and can be found in many markets. Cannabinoids obtained from marijuana plants, however, are still legal in some jurisdictions and becoming more legal.

It is recommended because of its capacity to:

  • Alleviate the pain
  • Reduce depression 
  • Appetite stimulus 
  • Nausea and vomiting management

Cannabinoids and cannabis have been used by many people in the United States and other parts of the world for medicinal reasons, as well as recreational purposes. However, many of its non-medical consumers use it extensively, thereby abusing the medication and leading them to long term side-effects or too serious conditions. 

In addition, there are no deaths from the use of these drugs have been reported, and an overdose is not likely to happen. Because of the “high” of the substance, there have been several recorded cases of injury and side effects. The medication produces a high that slows down the operation of the motor and induces loss of coordination, placing the patient at risk of injury.

Other Forms of Cannabinoid

Marijuana- is a plant containing natural cannabinoid compounds.  In the form of “edibles,” the plant may be consumed respectively; however, it is normally smoked in the form of tobacco glass pipes or a piece of paper, or what they call a joint. It includes mind-altering or psychoactive compounds, such as  THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, as well as other non-mind-altering active compounds like CBD or cannabidiol. 

Synthetic cannabinoids- are man-made chemicals that coat plant material from a marijuana plant to mimic the effects of high THC, for instance, K2 or Spice. Due to the unknown chemicals created within the drug and the vital side effects it brings, synthetic marijuana is far more harmful.

Other Types of Cannabinoids that can be Found in Cannabis

  1. Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)
  2. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  3. Cannabidiol (CBD)
  4. Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
  5. Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
  6. Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)
  7. Cannabinol (CBN)
  8. Cannabigerol (CBG)
  9. Cannabichromene (CBC)

Side Effects of Cannabinoids

In this study, it shows that cannabinoids have potential benefits and advantages, however, there are side effects that may cause serious damage to your health in the long run when this cannabis was abused.  This shows that taking the drug can cause addiction and can be hazardous. These side effects include:

  • Dizziness
  • Depression
  • Food cravings
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Hallucination
  • Low blood pressure
  • Paranoia
  • Panic attacks

Final Thoughts 

The term cannabinoid refers to any drug that is able to bind in the human body with cannabinoid receptors. The name cannabinoid relates to any chemical substance, irrespective of the origin or structure, which binds the brain and body to cannabinoid receptors and has similar effects to those produced by the plant, Cannabis Sativa. It has a great effect in treating certain diseases and has been popularly known around the world for its effective way of easing the pain or anxiety that the patient wants to end. Cannabinoids are safe once taken moderately and are dangerous when abused. 

Scientific evidence suggests that the potential benefits of medical marijuana are tremendous, but there is still a need for more clinical trials to understand how these different properties work and how these properties can equip humans for successful medical use. However, it is clear that the cannabis plant has some properties from initial studies and comprehensive facts evidence that may potentially help patients and consumers relieve a variety of symptoms and pain that makes them want to use such cannabis. 

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